suba aranchiya | cloud computing technology

Understanding Serverless for the Beginner

A common misconception people have after taking note of the word ‘serverless’ is that it doesn't contain a server.

Well, that’s not the case in the least.

Serverless means merely that you simply don't need to manage the server. rather than running and maintaining your server, you'll leverage the functions.

In another word, Serverless architecture means less server. Wouldn’t it's great if you'll devote all of your time to put together a far better application without having to require care of the servers? that's when serverless can assist you out.

This article will cover all the important topics you would like to understand, right from what's serverless to different frameworks, their benefits, and why you ought to care.

Principles of Going Serverless

Serverless infrastructures include various principles which are stated as follows: Deploy third-party services: Various vendors act as third-party services.

Creating a strong front-end: By executing functions at the front through a client-side app framework, helps reduce cost by decreasing function calls and execution.

Carry out performance checks: Observing the performance of functions that hamper a specific service is important to make sure an honest user experience.

Single-purpose functions: As functions persist just for a limited amount of your time, single-purpose codes are preferred for developing functions.

Building security mechanisms: Security must be taken care of at the API and therefore the FaaS layer. These security measures include access controls, encryption, and authentication.

Design a push-based architecture: This ensures that user input isn't required for a group of events to require place.

Going Serverless

When you are building an application, you'd want it to make a pleasing experience for its users.

For example, you would like your application to supply a moment social media share feature, allow it to form in-app transactions, and make uploading images and videos simpler and faster.

To make this all possible, the appliance requires tons of back-end code that processes and runs the actions like in-app clicks, image uploading, moving from one page to another. Managing the architecture to host and run this back-end code requires tons of servers and handling various OS updates, to not forget the safety.

Hence, we require some vendors to try to do the server managing for us, making us go serverless.

Before we advance to debate these vendors, it's crucial for us to understand the 2 leading cloud computing services involved in serverless cloud computing.

Function as a service (FaaS)

A popular and widely used platform. With the assistance of the FaaS platform, application developers can run and host their backend code within a serverless framework.

All the managing, scalability, and security functions of servers are going to be taken care of by this serverless framework.

Different options are provided to hold out these functions by different vendors. Once the functions are completed and used on the FaaS framework, the services provided by a vendor for a function is then triggered through HTTP requests or from vendor-specific utilities.

FaaS is getting used in real-time processing lately.


You buy what you employ 

Good management of infrastructure

Secure and safe

Easy and scalable implementation


Limited memory and execution time

Data isn't stored

Vendor lock-ins

Debugging isn't easy

Backend as a service (BaaS)

It is a cloud computing service that acts as a middleman that gives alternative ways during which a developer can connect their web and mobile apps to cloud services through APIs and SDKs.

There are only limited vendors for this platform and is relatively newer than center technology

 it's almost like SaaS but is especially for application development. 

BaaS vendors provide a couple of components that will be plugged into the appliance.

With BaaS, we don't get to build any authentication functionality on our own. for instance, logging in and signing up for an application requires authentication.


Data storage instrument panel provision

Pay for what you employ 

Lesser development costs

Fast and straightforward 


A code is often damaged easily

Loss of knowledge can happen 

Testing is difficult

Not suitable for large-scale projects

Some other cloud computing terminology is:

Platform as a service (PaaS): It provides a platform that lets a user manage, run, and develop apps without having to create and maintain the architecture.

Software as a service (SaaS): Vendors manage everything, the developers or users need to use these services.

Infrastructure as a service (IaaS): Just an infrastructure base is provided. The developer has got to work on the appliance by himself. Necessary infrastructure includes a virtual machine, software-network, and storage.

Let’s explore a number of Serverless platforms.

FaaS Platform

Many vendors provide compute runtimes which are referred to as function as a service (FaaS).

This platform executes application logic but doesn't store the info.

Google Cloud Functions: Pay just for the time your code runs. It scales automatically.

AWS Lambda: Amazon Web Services rectified many problems by launching its AWS Lambda technology. AWS Lambda may be a service that runs your back-end code for you. it's supported by Node.js, Python, C#, Go, and Java.

OpenWhisk: IBM has also launched OpenWhisk which is an open-source serverless platform.

Azure Functions: Azure is an event-driven serverless platform that supports JavaScript, C#, PHP, and Python.

BaaS Platform

Firebase: Firebase was launched by Google. This platform is especially utilized in mobile applications for development. it's a real-time database that stores and syncs data with the NoSQL cloud database.AWS DynamoDB: A NoSQL database for services that need consistent and single-digit millisecond latency.

Amazon Cognito: Provided by Amazon Web Services is made to hold out user sign-up and sign-in to the internet and mobile applications.

Serverless Frameworks

Serverless frameworks are designed in such how that building, testing, and deploying serverless applications become very easy.

Let us take a glance at a couple of prominent frameworks: Why should I exploit a serverless framework for my business?

Advantages of Going Serverless

Deployment is easy: Fallbacks become simple because the versioning is formed into the system itself.

Seamless and transparent: you'll match your business requirements with the various server capacities which are provided through this framework.

No developers needed: Developers or administrators wouldn't be required to run, update or add servers.

Cost-effective: For platforms like FaaS, you are doing not need to buy idle resources.

Friendly: It gets along well with microservices.

Makes you stay within the market: Going serverless decreases the time to urge into the market and helps your software launch faster.

Drawbacks of Serverless

Lack of tools: Developers are entirely hooked into a vendor for the debugging and monitoring of tools.

Debugging is difficult: you would like to urge the roots to seek out the source of the bug

Complex architecture: It gets harder to manage too many functions.

Testing: Integration and testing of serverless applications are complicated.

Future of Serverless

Tooling: we will expect the tools deployed in serverless technology to extend and obtain better with time, making it convenient for developers.

State Management: Certain drawbacks to serverlessFaaS are the way the platforms are implemented, but these are often fixed by new solutions or with the assistance of other companies.

Increased transparency from vendors: there's getting to be more transparency between you and therefore the vendor about what you'd expect from them as we believe them for our hosting.

Community: we will expect to ascertain the enormous growth of a serverless community


As we will see, serverless is an innovative and growing technology. a corporation has benefitted from this technology since they are doing not need to spend tons of managing their servers.

Also, it proves to be cost-effective and may be affordable for any business which wants to specialize in building an application that wants to deliver a superb experience for its users.

With the assistance of the FaaS platform, you simply buy the services needed. you'll eliminate unwanted costs that are generated from idle resources.

We can expect many businesses and start-ups to deploy serverless technology within the future.

Although it's some cons, it is often improved and used on an outsized scale. cloud computing technology

 If you're very clear on your business goals and services, it's optimal to travel with FaaS.

Of course, many would still prefer BaaS depending upon their requirements.information technology degrees

 Choosing the proper vendor also plays a big role.

If you're curious about learning more, inspect this Serverless introduction course.