Finland: Setting the benchmark for a replacement era of smart mobility
The global marketplace for intelligent mobility is predicted to be worth around £900bn by 2025, with the potential to scale back the quantity of cars needed on urban roads globally by up to twenty million vehicles per annum and leading to emission savings of 56 megatonnes CO2 per annum .
So what's it exactly? Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) encompass a broad range of data and communication technologies that improve safety, efficiency and performance of transportation systems. These technologies are wont to collect data which is analysed and distributed through different channels to varying terminals so as to enhance the capacity of traffic networks and serve commuters better.
This digitalization of traffic infrastructure has led to a replacement service intelligent transport model: Mobility as a Service (MaaS). Currently commuters buy the means of mobility, like a car or a motorcycle , or the tickets for a selected transport mode. MaaS uses networked transport systems to introduce a pay-as-you-go approach, so when a commuter selects the service, price, timing and destination, the MaaS system recommends the optimum itinerary , which can include several means of transport. Providers, including train, bus and taxi companies, will transmit their information during a common format, which passengers will access using only one website, app or agent, no matter their destination or chosen mode of transport.
And this is often where Finland is already leading the way, where road infrastructure and conveyance already enjoy intelligent traffic solutions. In 2015, over 23 key organisations joined forces to determine the world’s first MaaS ecosystem for traffic, which is changing the face of conveyance by harnessing the capabilities of public and personal entities and creating a seamless, demand-based, and versatile travel experience for the general public .
Open data for the open road
MaaS will only work if the system is fed timely, accurate data, which are some things Transport for London (TfL) is facilitating through the opening from its data silos to outside agencies. In doing so, the capital’s transport authority is functioning out how it can disrupt itself instead of disrupting others. TfL, which operates one among the most important contactless payment systems in Europe, has responsibility not just for conveyance but also the capital’s roads and traffic lights – also as an emerging MaaS operation of its own. this is often growing all the time, and TfL expects to integrate various shared mobility options because the various transport service markets converge.
Other cities are outsourcing this work to third-parties, with Montreal and Denver contracting with Xerox, the corporate best-known for its office automation products. It already processes quite 1,000,000 conveyance tickets a day alongside 16m parking fines per annum .
Its back-end systems collect various data from transport provider points in each city – which in Montreal’s case is split across 19 different companies – and uses them to analyse how residents are becoming about. This analysis helps authorities plan new routes, compute where transport assets got to be deployed, and calculate the foremost profitable services. this may become increasingly important, with Xerox’s research indicating that 51 per cent of Europeans will soon be deciding where to measure or work totally on the idea of mobility services.
The need for uniformityMaaS needs just four things to thrive: traffic data, trip planners, analytics and a payment system, but the rapid introduction of competing services means there's the danger of a fractured system. MaaS Global, the world’s first MaaS operator, argues that there must be alittle number of interfaces (APIs) for universal data sharing, that employment not only on a city-wide or national scale, but also from country to country.
This year, starting in Helsinki, the operator are going to be rolling out a service called Whim. Whim fulfils every requirement of true MaaS, not only unifying timetables, transport options and congestion data, but also handling payments and distributing the proceeds to the transport providers. With one app, customers are going to be ready to book a journey across multiple modes of transport, including hired cycles, and therefore the system will even reward them for selecting ‘greener’ methods of transport where a lower carbon option is out there . MaaS Global is already lecture other cities round the world, with the potential to rolling out its services on a worldwide scale.
Reinventing the carOf course MaaS isn't almost urban mass transit: there are some places that trains and buses still don't serve, that a timeshared car or private vehicle remains the sole option. it's for this reason that Renault Nissan, the corporate behind the Zoe and Leaf – the biggest-selling electric cars within the world – is functioning on cars specifically geared towards sharing. it's also looking to roll out autonomous driving at every price point within subsequent ten years – not just at the high end.
So, are we within the middle of an auto revolution? Rightwave, the corporate behind a number of the car industry’s most striking user interfaces, believes so. As commuters we rely more and more on screens in every mode of transport – not only on the control panel , but also within the sort of tablets and smartphones. the corporate sees a future during which these work seamlessly, presenting a unified view of your journey, whatever device or mode of transport you happen to be using.
Rightwave’s UI design application, Kanzi, is responding to the present change, because the company starts to focus less on graphics excellence, and more on connectivity by any means, including TCP/IP and Bluetooth, between the mode of transport and passengers’ or drivers’ personal devices.
The shift in thinking required to bring this about – and other emergent trends in mobility – is so dramatic that Renault Nissan sees a talent war developing within the automotive market. the corporate argues that the demand for robotics and data analytics expertise is especially hot, which proves that the time for innovation is now.
Death of the ticket
Right now, the driverless car that takes you from A to B at the press of a button, parallel parks for you and which never gets lost, seems more likely than ever. subsequent generation are going to be incredulous that folks actually drove themselves; they’d also struggle with the notion of speeding since an autonomous car will always observe national speed limits, no matter what proportion of a rush you would possibly be in, or what proportion you shout at it.
With various reported estimates for the amount of connected devices and things – possibly including driverless cars – predicting exponential growth, network systems are only set to become bigger, more pervasive, and increasingly more complex.
Everything at cloud speedEven today, everything is about creating and delivering an upscale user experience, at ‘cloud speed’. the necessity to innovate, build value and scale services has become critical for any organisation, especially when confronted by the ‘born-in-the-cloud’ start-ups blazing a trail across established markets and disrupting many businesses within the process. Inevitably, the sheer volume and velocity of knowledge needed to support digital services continues to impact and stretch traditional networks.information technology degrees Creaking under the strain of the tremendous bandwidth and workload demands of applications and resources, the info centre network must be ready to scale, perform tasks faster while anticipating and adapting to vary .
While data centres have a long-established presence in many organisations as a technological and operational backbone, not all networks are made equal. Often built with overlapping generations of technology ‘sprawl’, adding layer upon layer of operational complexity; legacy networks typically find yourself constraining businesses with their rigid infrastructure, cumbersome operations, misaligned cost structures and inadequate, outdated security capabilities.
The evolved data centreAs data traffic, either from devices or other systems and ‘users’ continues to escalate, data centre infrastructure investments will need to focus heavily on a replacement network strategy, lowering costs while increasing capacity, service delivery and repair innovation. The evolved data centre network has got to adapt, scale and evolve to reply to changing market conditions, dynamically and quickly.
So what does the longer term hold for data centre design? Here are my top four suggestions:
1. OPEN: As businesses migrate towards network virtualization and therefore the cloud, no single vendor will have an answer for it all. But an open, multi-vendor environment is an example of how the I.T. community is building flexibility and freedom of choice right into the guts of the network. And as networks experience a spread of changes, an open infrastructure not only provides best-in-class solutions but can mitigate risk, manage contingencies and be flexible enough to grow and evolve with the business.
2. SIMPLE: The promise of a programmable, virtualized platform that builds automation throughout the network and which may be tailored to manage service delivery across all environments may be a key aspect in driving a successful cloud strategy. Highly scalable, secure and prepared to adapt to customer needs, cloud platforms can provide significant agility for enterprises and repair providers operating in an increasingly competitive marketplace. Applications and services are often re-configured, re-deployed and delivered on industry-standard hardware, with virtual devices programmed for building self-service, automated capabilities, at ‘cloud-speed’.
3. AGILE: Software-Defined Networking (SDN) may be a network technology that gives the means to simplify complex, operational tasks through automation. By leveraging software control capabilities to automate key networking functions, SDN can minimize or entirely eliminate many labor-intensive tasks. Creating a highly agile network infrastructure, new services and applications are often unrolled quicker, more efficiently and with less risk, all at the press of a mouse.
4. SECURE: All organisations are threatened by a constantly-changing landscape with the area for cyber-attacks set to become larger than ever. Changing how and where to deploy security within the network becomes even more critical as threats exist not outside the network also because the many who are quite likely already inside. the normal ‘castle’ method of just counting on network security at the perimeter is not any longer enough.cloud computing technology To counter emerging and unknown risks, a totally automated approach is required which embeds security (both physical and virtual) within the whole network in the least levels, not just at the sides , and which dynamically adapts to new threats.
The growing importance aged checks for online businesses
The internet has changed the planet as we all know it. It’s 2016 and you'll now buy practically anything online – clothing, groceries, flights abroad and even family pets! the web has it all.
But, because the world enters a more digitalised era, and with increasing numbers of companies expanding their operations online, what happens when the products or services they provide carry an age-restriction?
This is where online age checks are available and it’s a problem that has been gaining increased awareness lately .call center technology In fact, earlier this year the Queen mentioned online age checks in her speech while location-based dating app, Tinder, announced last month that it had been upping its minimum user age, within the face of mounting public pressure.
But Tinder isn’t the primary company to return under attack for not doing enough to guard youngsters from the perils of the web . Earlier this year, Amazon faced heavy criticism, and arguably suffered reputational damage, when it came to light that the 16-year-old who was convicted of fatally stabbing Aberdeen schoolboy Bailey Gwynne had bought the knife on Amazon. to form matters worse, no age checks were administered – not even when the item was delivered; it had been instead left during a shed.
This has led to promises from the govt to clamp down on those not adequately protecting under-18s from accessing age-restricted goods and services. Businesses now got to review the measures they currently have in situ and ensure these are stringent enough. After all, nobody pities the off-licence caught selling cigarettes and vodka to 14-year-olds, so why should online businesses be any different?