Oracle Database in the Cloud: Azure vs AWS vs Oracle

Oracle databases provide multi-modal database management, which you can deploy on-premise or within the cloud. For cloud deployments, Oracle gives the usage of its controlled cloud platform. Alternatively, you could determine to go with distinct cloud providers, and installation an Oracle database on Azure or AWS. This article evaluations cloud-primarily based Oracle database options offered with the aid of these 3 cloud vendors.

Oracle Databases in Azure

In Azure, Oracle databases are generally hosted on widespread digital machines (VMs). You can configure these VMs with either the Standard or Enterprise variations of Oracle and both Windows Server or Oracle Linux hosts. For licensing, you could convey an current license or buy a brand new one from Oracle.

When configuring VM pictures, you may manually create an picture or you could use one in every of the images which can be preconfigured in the Marketplace. If making a decision to apply a custom photograph, you have the choice to transfer an picture comprised of your existing on-premises database or to configure a wholly new photo.

Oracle Management in Azure

Once you set up your Oracle database in Azure, you can use numerous native services as well as Oracle help solutions to manage your deployment.

Ensuring high availability

To make certain that your statistics stays highly to be had, Azure permits you to set up databases across a couple of availability zones or regions. It also presents the Azure Site Recovery provider, which allows you to failover to a backup database in instances of outage.

You can also implement functions and provider which are native to Oracle, along with:

Data Guard—a set of services that permit you to create, reveal, and control standby databases for restoration purposes.
GoldenGate—a software program package deal that enables real-time information replication, filtering, and transformation between database times.
Sharding—a database architecture that permits you to horizontally partition statistics across a couple of databases.
Backing up your statistics

In addition to the above catastrophe recuperation techniques, Azure also supports two methods of database backup.

Azure Backup—a native Azure service that enables you to automate and manage backups, and you may use it with more than one Azure services.
Oracle Recovery Manager (RMAN)—a local Oracle characteristic that enables you to backup and restore databases.
Oracle Database in AWS

In AWS, there are two options for running an Oracle database. You can both host on EC2 times or use Amazon Relational Database Service (RDS).

Amazon EC2

Setting up an Oracle database in EC2 instances works roughly similar to setting up any other example. This approach requires greater paintings on your part however also presents greater control over configurations and versatility over deployment. With EC2, you are accountable for handling Oracle updates, backups, and storage.

When the use of this technique, you may appoint AWS native services for monitoring, backup, and recovery. You can also use Oracle local services, inclusive of Data Guard and RMAN.

Amazon EC2 is a good choice if you:

Need full administrative control together with get entry to on the OS level or SYS/SYSTEM users
Have a database that is large than 80% of the max size in RDS
Need to retain unique IP addresses of databases or applications
Amazon RDS

RDS is a fully-controlled database carrier that you could use for Oracle in addition to Aurora, PostgreSQL, MySQL, MariaDB, and SQL Server. In RDS you could select between two example types — widespread or Provisioned IOPS. The latter is designed specially for I/O-intensive, transactional workloads. You also can set up Read Replica and multiple availability zone deployments for progressed availability and resilience.

When you use RDS, you may either bring your own Oracle license or you can pick out a license included alternative. Bringing your own license gives cheaper rates but requires a piece more paintings for configuration.

Amazon RDS is a great alternative if you:

Don’t need to worry approximately backup, recuperation, updates, or storage management
Want synchronous facts replication to a healing example for Oracle Standard Edition
Don’t need to buy a stand-alone license
Oracle Database Cloud Service

The Oracle Database Cloud Service is a controlled platform as a carrier (PaaS) presenting from Oracle wherein your databases are hosted on Oracle infrastructure. When you operate this service, you are chargeable for your databases however Oracle takes care of coping with and retaining the underlying infrastructure. In Database Cloud Service, you can pick from 3 distinctive infrastructure options—naked metal, VMs, or Exadata.

Bare metal

When you pick the naked steel choice, you advantage get entry to to a committed carrier with as much as 51.2TB of local NVMe garage.information technology degrees
 You can use this selection with Oracle Database 11g, 12c, 18c, or 19c.

For management, you've got get admission to to local Oracle utilities and tooling and can perform responsibilities from a integrated console, software program development kits, or REST API. For backup, you can store data on nearby Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI) Object Storage or Block Volumes.

Virtual machines

When you choose the VM alternative you have get right of entry to to machines with as much as 24 CPU cores and 40TB of community NVMe SSD storage. You can use this infrastructure with database versions 11g, 12c, 18c, and 19c.

For management, you've got the equal gear and options to be had as with bare metallic infrastructure. Additionally, VM deployments in OCI are the handiest supported manner to perform Oracle Real Application Clusters (RAC) on VM. Oracle RAC is an architecture that enables you to create a clustered database.

Oracle Exadata Cloud Service

The Exadata service enables you to function your databases from Exadata machines. These machines are specifically designed for high-overall performance and enterprise-scale workloads. For example, OLTP, records warehousing, and real-time analytics. The Exadata service is for the Oracle Enterprise Edition with database versions,,, 18c or 19c.

When you pick out the Exadata option, you may choose from a quarter, half, or complete-rack deployment. With those servers, you can get admission to as much as 368 CPU cores on up to eight nodes. Each node has as much as 5.7TB of RAM, 300TB of NVMe flash cache, and 340TB of garage.

In the Exadata provider you have the option to operate a couple of databases and database variations immediately for combined workloads. You also are supported via computerized backup and healing. For management, you have got access to all of the same tools and utilities as naked metallic and digital machines. You additionally have help for RAC.


Oracle databases offer many advantages, such as a excessive degree of portability which allows you to set up databases on a wide variety of infrastructure environments. However, it is critical to note that each environment gives one of a kind configurations and resources, that could greatly impact the performance, reliability and usage of the database.

When deploying Oracle databases in Azure, you could ensure high availability of VMs by the use of Data Guard and GoldenGate. You also get to use Azure’s integrated backup provider and local integration with Oracle RMAN.

When deploying Oracle databases in AWS, you may installation your database in EC2, and then hook up with native Oracle services like Data Guard and RMAN. This will deliver you quite a few manage over your infrastructure. If you prefer simplicity over manage, you could install your Oracle database using Amazon RDS.

When deploying Oracle databases at the Oracle cloud, you get to apply Oracle’s controlled cloud PaaS—Oracle Database Cloud Service. Once you set this up, you could select between bare steel, VMs, and Exadata. The latter is a first rate option for excessive performance and enterprise-grade workloads.

Security risks of increasingly famous cloud collaboration tools

Due to recent unavoidable circumstances, many organisations around the sector are having to actively utilise cloud collaboration equipment such as Microsoft Teams, Microsoft 365, One Drive, and others. For example, Microsoft Teams recently announced that it had set a brand new daily record of 2.7 billion assembly minutes, that is up 200% compared to March of ultimate year.

While such gear are outstanding enablers of far off paintings, they can boom safety risks, and specially the dangers posed through the insider threat. In fact, a latest take a look at determined that most effective 23% of far flung employees had acquired any steering on a way to use structures like Microsoft Teams. The result is that almost all of personnel might not even suppose that they're placing company data at danger when they percentage sensitive documents in chats and channels, assuming that it's far someone else’s responsibility to protect the statistics. The hassle is that software and collaboration structures inclusive of Microsoft Teams rely heavily on SharePoint Online to store documents which might be shared in conversations, on OneDrive to shop documents in personal chats, and on Azure AD to manage and authenticate team members. Such garage places seem mechanically as soon as the consumer creates a specific crew or chat, which lacks enough protection controls. Once customers indiscriminately use Teams, numerous places in OneDrive and SharePoint Online seem, of which users do not ever think of. There is a excessive risk of facts overexposure in such storages.

Flexibility comes with risks

Popular cloud collaboration systems consisting of Microsoft Teams are frequently very beneficial in assisting the collaboration desires of a far off workforce. Yet, the side impact of this flexibility is a excessive chance of human errors, as many employees would possibly ignore safety nice practices just to do their task faster. The maximum common forms of mistakes to be prevented are:

Privilege elevation – Since organizations in Teams are very adjustable, it's far very clean to lose music of person get admission to rights. In fact, group owners might supply get right of entry to rights to their colleagues despite the fact that some may also contain documents with sensitive data together with financial substances or highbrow property. This can bring about uncontrollable Azure AD modifications and manipulations with sensitive statistics in SharePoint Online.

Insecure statistics sharing – Sharing sensitive information or credentials thru collaboration platforms can lead without delay to the chance of records leaks and compliance fines. For example, some personnel may ask their colleagues to percentage data or credentials through chats or group conversations, due to the fact they may not have get admission to to password manager, and do now not want to wait till the IT group solve their request for this get admission to. However, insecure data sharing outcomes in sensitive facts or credentials dwelling out of doors of the stable location, in which they can be without difficulty copied by other employees, which might subsequently result in a records leak.

Data downloading – Downloading sensitive facts from collaboration systems to employee’s devices increases dangers of records leaks and compliance violations. Working far flung, employees are more liable to this mistake. Such boundaries as poor internet, a sluggish VPN-connection, and the want to spend an excessive amount of time searching for the necessary report within the corporate garage is probably so irritating that some personnel determine to download facts to their gadgets as an obvious option to simplify their job.

Best practices for hazard mitigation

It is vital that every organization considers a cloud collaboration platform as a new element of its IT infrastructure that requires a current security approach. The very first fundamental component of this is organising a strong layout structure of businesses and groups that reflect commercial enterprise wishes, in addition to improvement of committed protection policies. Moreover, it's far vitally essential to arrange a series of education for end-users, and to teach them on the ‘dos’ and ‘dont’s’ whilst running with cloud collaboration platform.

Another critical thing is to make certain that an company can manipulate how properly the personnel comply with those rules. call center technologyThis can require imposing technology that is able to monitoring pastime and permissions round sensitive records. For example, in case of Microsoft Teams, it is important to reveal interactions with sensitive records in SharePoint Online, as any ‘group’ inside the software is sponsored up by way of a dedicated website online to keep all records exchanged in on the platform. It is also critical to track Azure AD modifications, as it is used to shop and manage authentication to these new environments​. Such measures will assist an organization to minimise the risk of an insider threat.

Secure towards the weakest link

When an organisation implements new technologies, especially if they lead to new approaches of paintings, it necessarily brings new dangers that the agency must address. Even if the era provider offers high ranges of security, employees are often the weakest link since a brand new environment can make contributions to errors. Therefore, an corporation must always assess dangers that occur under new circumstances and description quite a number preventive measures.

The key storage challenges businesses are facing during the increase of home working

Storage pre-pandemic

Traditionally, businesses are used to planning three or five years earlier for garage growth, with the surge in facts converting the way corporations look at future garage demands. Often corporations don’t understand that their facts is growing exponentially and with it, their garage.

However, pre-pandemic, many agencies have been slow to migrate to the cloud in particular thru confusion as to what it was. Whilst many traces of commercial enterprise storage clients are snug with the cloud, pay-as-you-go intake model, turning legacy on-premise infrastructure right into a flexible private cloud can be tough to achieve without luxurious over-provisioning or operational overhaul as to the manner the infrastructure is deployed.

There became additionally an detail of uncertainty round cloud answers, taking sensitive records and setting it right into a third-celebration server and ‘losing manage’ over its safety. This has possibly extended even further with the implementation of new data driven rules such as GDPR. This meant that many cloud migration initiatives were placed on the backburner.

Even though businesses desired and had to pressure efficiencies and value effectiveness the complexity of cloud solutions became a key trouble for many, with groups sweating belongings to make certain that migration become a profitable exploit.

Digital transformation has also proved to be a blocker to cloud migration for many organizations. Generally, virtual transformation initiatives are slow, extremely high-threat and have masses of stakeholders. This, coupled with legacy systems holding facts in disparate servers and cyber security concerns, intended that migration to some thing which is taken into consideration unknown pre-pandemic, fell by the wayside.

Storage during and post-pandemic

Decision making has been accelerated at some stage in the modern pandemic with organizations needing to have a handle on what facts they have, where it's miles and whether they need the ability to get admission to it right away or not. The subsequent step turned into to apprehend in which their storage is, the type of garage they need in phrases of private, public or hybrid cloud answers and the associated costs. These were all considerations to bear in mind while looking to quickly stable statistics with staff working remotely off the company community.

Our international is changing and fast, and in these unprecedented instances it’s tough for organizations to are expecting their future needs. cloud computing technology
However, the one thing groups can count on is how prepared they are for the sort of change.


Most on-premises solutions involve basically shopping for boxes in the anticipation of accelerated storage desires within the future. Companies can be investing huge finances into generation that will now not be used for a few time, or now not at all. Such a CAPEX cost is increasingly hard to justify, particularly in the face of reducing budgets.

Cloud permits a bendy approach, that means that organizations can ramp up or down storage depending on need, and best paying for what's used. This OPEX approach allows budgets to be used greater successfully with out a justification of a huge up-front cost in a ‘just in case’ scenario. To facilitate this in a non-public cloud scenario, IBM’s Storage Utility Offering allows organizations to advantage from all of the fee-flexibility advantages of the cloud, for on-premises hardware – most effective paying for garage whilst it is needed. For companies that want to construct a non-public cloud, to deploy hybrid infrastructure spanning each on-prem and cloud, or for corporations that realize it will take time to migrate to the public cloud, IBM Storage Utility Offering is the proper answer.

Staying cyber secure

One of the biggest problems for companies whilst it comes to information garage is the way to hold it steady. Remote operating has unfortunately resulted in an increase of cyberattacks. Any information that is stored is subjected to an detail of danger, with cybercriminals keen to reap and make the most sensitive records. Securing infrastructure is essential in phrases of supporting organizations function, reveal and act fast to reply to cyberthreats.

Cloud safety ought to grow and evolve to stand those threats so that you can provide a defence for companies and their clients that leverages the efficiencies and blessings that cloud services provide. Additionally, with the aid of offsetting the concern surrounding cloud protection thru using appropriate practices, cloud services can take protection one step similarly. Cloud services can now not simplest steady facts in the cloud, but also leverage the transformative cloud industry to stable endpoint customers that use it.

Moreover, predictive protection inside the cloud has innovated protection with the generation gathering and analysing unfiltered endpoint statistics, the usage of the power of the cloud, to make predictions about, and defend against, unknown destiny attacks.

Businesses have faced a number of challenges over the past few months and the use of Cloud adoption can assist them meet their ache points, letting them transition to new and stable methods of running.

Cloud adoption has manifestly been in excessive call for and it's far a value-effective answer that can assist your business to thrive at the same time as keeping facts steady, providing the right answer for creating complete accessibility- turning a tough scenario into something that blessings everybody. With IBM Storage Utility Offering, companies can swap constant CAPEX for variable OPEX, and migrate to the cloud at their own pace.